Experts have used Maximilien de Robespierre’s death mask, created after his beheading, to make a startling facial reconstruction.
The likeness is the work of facial reconstruction expert, Phillipe Froesch, who used a death mask that had originally been created by Madame Tussaud. Froesch added soft tissue markers to the image of the face and clad it in a virtual skin before sculpting the finished piece. Complex equations created by the FBI and the Dundee University were used to recreate the nose.
Tussaud escaped the guillotine by agreeing to create death masks of the famous people who were beheaded – Robespierre being one of these. Decapitated on July 28, 1794, he was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution and a major driving force behind The Terror. He is quoted as saying, “ The government in a revolution is the despotism of liberty against tyranny. ”